Natura 2000 Areas:map_area_kum

  • POO Kum (SI3000181)
  • POV The Sava Hills (SI5000026)

Protected Areas:

  • Kum Landscape Park (ID 1711)
  • Krvava Peč-Planina Mountain Ridge (ID 1695)
  • Rock Cliff under Završje (ID 1692)
  • Šklendrovec (ID 1701)
  • The Čebulova Valley (ID 1696)
  • Golica krednih kamenin createous rocks formation(ID 1710)
  • The Ribnik Gorge (ID 1697)
  • Mitovščica Waterfall (ID 1700)
  • Mitrovščica Spring (ID 1699)
  • Završki čeren (ID 1693)
  • Turkova prepad Abyss (ID 1698)


The priority habitat type, addressed by the project:

•6210(*) Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)

The project sub-area of Kum comprises the central part of the Sava Hills, where the area of hills between the Sava River and the Sopota River ascends to the 1,220 metres high Kum Mountain with its distinct peak. The Triassic dolomite and limestone give the area its diverse Karst character with numerous sinkholes, chasms, rocky surfaces and rocky cliffs. Over the edge of the mountains, the narrow valleys of the Sava and Sopota Rivers and the Šklendrovec Spring can be found.

Less favourable natural conditions of the Karst world and relief are represented also in the use of space and the settlement of the area. The man-made environment that has always been maintained by humans with their work is changing due to economic and social movements. With that, the diversity of areas and the diversity of plants and animals are also changing.

In the areas with low population, smaller settlements and dispersed farms prevail, surrounded by the old tall-tree orchards. Nearly 80% of the area is covered with forest, in which the beech tree is dominant. Only the small surfaces of the fields at the bottom of sinkholes are intensively cultivated as well as the grasslands with tall oat-grass (Arrhenatherum elatius) on more flat ground. On the steep unforested slopes, the extensive and mostly manually mown dry grasslands with Upright Brome (Bromopsis erecta) prevail. Many grasslands are being overgrown due to the abandonment of agricultural use. With that, the status of the dry grasslands is deteriorating as well. The latter are priority habitat type 6210(*) Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco Brometalia) (*important orchid sites). The status of plant and animal species connected to the dry grasslands is also worsening. In the better preserved dry grasslands, species that are typical of those sites can be found there: several types of the Dianthus and Orchidaceae species, e.g. the frog orchid (Coeloglossum viride), Viola alpestris, Gentianella anisodonta, Scabiosa hladnikiana, the Squarrose Knapweed (Centaurea triumfettii) and all three types of lilies: the Carniolan lily (Lilium carniolicum), the Turk’s cap lilylanguage (Lilium martagon) and the Tiger lily (Lilium bulbiferum). The diversity of the grasslands habitats can be seen in the diversity of animal species, where butterflies prevail, such as the Apollo butterfly (Parnassius apollo), the Clouded Apollo (Parnassius mnemosyne), the woodland brown (Lopinga achine), the scarce fritillary (Euphydryas maturna), the large blue butterfly (Maculinea arion) and the marsh fritillary (Euphydryas aurinia).

Did you know?

  • That the ‘Kum’s blind beetle’ (Anophthalmus schaumi kumensis or the so-called ‘kumski brezokec’) got its subspecies name from the mountain of Kum, which rises above Dobovec and is the highest peak of the Central Sava Valley and Lower Carniola? Its typical habitat is the Karst-like forests of the Kumljansko region.
  • That the Karst world of the Kumljansko region is classified as isolated Karst for which Karst features, in particular sinkholes, caves and smaller chasms, are typical?
  • That we have orchids in the Kumljansko region? They come from the Orchidaceae family and grow on dry and semi-dry extensive grasslands on calcareous substrates.
  • That the Kumljansko region has three kinds of lilies: Carniolan lily (Lilium carniolicum), Turk’s cap lily (Lilium martagon) and Tiger lily (Lilium bulbiferum). They are all protected.


Local coordinator for the Kum project subregion

Ljudmila Strahovnik, Regional Unit Celje
Address: Tobačna ulica 3, 3000 Ljubljana
Telephone: + 386 3 426 03 40
E-mail: ljudmila.strahovnik@zrsvn.si


Dobovec Local Community

Address: Dobovec 49, 1423 Dobovec
Telephone: + 386 3 563 91 23

President of the Dobovec Local Community: Ervin Renko
Telephone: + 386 3 563 91 23
E-mail: renko.ervin@gmail.com

The contact person: Špela Volaj
Telephone: + 386 41 933 180
E-mail: spelavolaj@gmail.com